What We Treat

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Back Pain

Back pain is a varied experience that can range from a dull muscle ache to a sharp, shooting, burning, or stabbing sensation. Additionally, the pain can radiate down one’s leg or knee. Engaging in activities such as bending, twisting, lifting, standing, or walking can worsen the pain. Some common causes of back pain include muscle strain or injury, disk damage, and underlying health conditions like scoliosis and osteoporosis. 

A female athlete running with both hands on her mid/lower back, indicating back pain. The highlighted area in red illustrates the specific region affected by the pain. The athlete's posture and hand placement demonstrate the discomfort and the need for support. This image captures the athlete's experience of back pain during physical activity, emphasizing the impact on her performance. The red highlight provides visual context, drawing attention to the area of concern
A female standing with both hands on her hips, demonstrating sciatica pain. The affected area is highlighted in red, emphasizing the region where the pain is concentrated. The image focuses on the lower back and hip area, indicating the specific location of the discomfort. The individual's posture and hand placement suggest the need for support and relief from the sciatic nerve pain. This visual representation conveys the impact of sciatica and the need for attention to alleviate the discomfort.


Unlike back pain, sciatica is a type of nerve pain. It occurs due to an injury or irritation to the sciatic nerve, which originates in the buttock or glute area. Typically, sciatica affects only one side of the lower body. The pain can start from the lower back and travel through the back of the thigh and down to the leg. In some cases, the pain may also spread to the foot or toes, depending on the location of the affected sciatic nerve. Activities such as coughing or sneezing may worsen the pain.

Neck Pain

It’s not uncommon to experience neck pain, especially if you work on computer all day long, and have poor posture, such as leaning over a computer or hunching over a workbench. These habits can strain the muscles in your neck. You may experience neck pain due to a variety of reasons, including arthritis, disc degeneration, narrowing of the spinal canal, muscle inflammation, strain, or trauma. Conditions like osteoarthritis which is also a common cause of neck pain. While you may ignore your neck all the time but doing some motion exercises provided by your physiotherapist can keep your neck pain free!

A white male in evident discomfort, clenching his teeth and placing both hands on his neck due to severe neck pain. His facial expression reflects the intensity of the discomfort he is experiencing. The image focuses on the upper body, capturing the individual's hands firmly gripping the sides of his neck as he seeks relief from the pain. This visual representation illustrates the distressing nature of neck pain and its impact on the individual's well-being
A rear view of a girl with curly hair, seen from behind, holding her shoulder due to pain. The girl's hand is gently grasping the affected shoulder, indicating discomfort. Her curly hair frames her face as she seeks relief from the shoulder pain. This visual representation highlights the physical manifestation of the girl's shoulder discomfort, allowing viewers to understand the presence of pain and its impact on her daily life.

Shoulder Pain

The shoulder is actually a combination of several joints. These joints work together with tendons and muscles to enable a wide range of arm movements like driving a car, scratching your back, playing golf or badminton or throwing a perfect pitch! However, this mobility comes at a cost. It can cause instability or impingement syndrome of the soft tissue or bone structures of the shoulder. This often leads to pain, discomfort or can restricted range of motion.

Elbow, Wrist and Hand Pain

Suffering from wrist and elbow pain can be a frustrating and debilitating condition that can hinder everyday activities. However, physiotherapy can provide relief by reducing pain and improving mobility, which can ultimately enhance your quality of life. By assessing your condition, our physiotherapists can create a customized treatment plan that may include manual therapy, deep tissue massage therapy or shockwave therapy.

A close-up image of a female hand, demonstrating pain points associated with elbow, wrist, and hand discomfort. The hand is positioned with the second finger holding onto the elbow, indicating the location of pain. Red markings highlight the affected areas, specifically the elbow joint and surrounding regions. This visual representation helps to depict the sources of pain and discomfort experienced in the elbow, wrist, and hand, providing a clear understanding of the affected regions and the challenges individuals may face.
A close-up image of a female hand, demonstrating arthritis pain points. Red markings highlight the areas of discomfort, including all the fingers and the elbow. The hand is positioned in a way that allows clear visibility of the affected joints. The markings indicate the specific areas that cause pain and discomfort due to arthritis. This visual representation helps to illustrate the widespread impact of arthritis on the hand, emphasizing the challenges faced by individuals dealing with this condition.


Arthritis is a condition characterized by swelling, tenderness or inflammation in one or more joints. This results in pain, restricted range of motion, and stiffness. While the disease can affect any joint in the body, it is often observed in the knee joints, wrists, fingers and feet. Arthritis can cause significant and continuous pain and restrict mobility, leading to a decrease in the quality of life. It is a serious issue affecting 1 in 5 Canadians on a daily basis. Although there is no cure for arthritis, physiotherapy treatment can help prevent and manage the condition.

Knee Pain or Osteoarthritis

The knee joint is the largest and the strongest joint in our body. Knee pain may occur due to an injury such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage.  Certain medical conditions like arthritis, gout, and infections can also lead to knee pain. Osteoarthritis, in particular, causes the cartilage in your knee joint to thin out and the joint surfaces to become rougher, resulting in a less smooth knee movement but with friction in every movement that can be painful and stiff.

A professional athlete and runner, halted in the midst of a run due to knee pain. He stands with one leg slightly bent, while both hands firmly grasp his left knee, indicating discomfort and pain. The athlete's facial expression reflects his agony as he tries to assess the intensity of the pain. His focus is on his knee, seeking to understand the source of his discomfort and determine the best course of action. The image captures a pivotal moment in his athletic journey, highlighting the challenges and setbacks that can occur.
A woman sitting on a couch, visibly stressed and uncomfortable due to a headache. Her eyes are closed, and she has one hand placed on her head in an attempt to alleviate the pain. The woman's facial expression conveys her discomfort and distress. She seeks relief from her headache, hoping for a moment of calm and respite. Her posture and gesture reflect her need for comfort and support during this challenging time.

Migraine and Headaches

Frequent headaches can significantly affect a person’s daily life. At our clinic, our skilled physiotherapists will evaluate the potential causes of your headache pain. After identifying the root of the issue, our physiotherapists will initiate a personalized migraine physiotherapy treatment plan that can alleviate symptoms and address the source of the discomfort. Our physiotherapists have efficiently managed the migraine conditions by providing some at-home exercises.

Concussion Management

Sustaining a concussion is a complex and serious injury. It can have significant consequences for the individual, their family, and society. It can be caused by various biomechanical means, such as a blow or impact to the face, neck, or head. As a result, any impact that transmits force to the head can cause a concussion while running, playing or workplace accident. Physiotherapy can provide several benefits for those with a concussion, including improved brain function, reduced headaches and nausea, better sleep quality, improved balance and coordination, and reduced fatigue with physiotherapy exercises and vestibular rehabilitation.

A young girl sitting on an assessment table at a physiotherapy clinic in Oshawa, placing one hand on her head after experiencing a concussion. A male physiotherapist is gently extending his fingers in front of her, asking her to count them to assess the severity of her concussion and dizziness. The girl's focused expression and the physiotherapist's attentive stance demonstrate their collaboration in evaluating her condition. Through this assessment, they work together to determine the appropriate course of treatment and support her recovery process."
A compassionate black female physiotherapist wearing a warm smile, providing support to a senior black male patient at a physiotherapy clinic. The patient, experiencing balance and gait disorder, leans on a walking apparatus for stability as he walks. The physiotherapist attentively guides him, offering encouragement and reassurance throughout the process. Their connection and teamwork are evident as they work together to improve the patient's balance and regain his mobility. Their shared determination fosters a supportive and empowering environment for the patient's rehabilitation journey.

Balance and Gait Disorders

Unsteadiness and difficulty with standing and walking can stem from gait and balance issues. Additionally, individuals may also experience vertigo, dizziness, and motion sickness, depending on the underlying cause. Common culprits for adults include musculoskeletal injuries, arthritis, and visual or inner ear problems. Since gait and balance disorders are often multifaceted, an in-depth evaluation by an experienced physiotherapist is necessary to identify the contributing factors and come up with targeted interventions.

Dizziness and Vertigo

Dizziness encompasses various feelings, including light-headedness, wooziness, weakness, and instability. When dizziness creates a false perception of oneself or the surroundings spinning or moving, it’s referred to as vertigo. Nausea may accompany dizziness, which can be abrupt or severe enough to require sitting or lying down. Episodes can last from seconds to days and may reoccur. Vertigo gives a sense of feeling unbalanced, resulting in a spinning sensation of oneself or the world around them.

Concerned female wearing a white t-shirt, placing one hand on her head due to dizziness or vertigo, while using the other hand to support herself against a wall. Her worried expression and body posture indicate her discomfort and need for stability. With a focus on her well-being, she seeks support to alleviate the dizziness and regain balance. Determined to find relief, she takes necessary precautions and seeks assistance to ensure her safety and overall health.
Female runner in pink and grey running shoes stops mid-stride, clutching her ankle with both hands to investigate the source of pain. Determined to understand the injury, she pauses her run, examining her ankle closely for any signs of discomfort. The runner's focused expression and grip on her ankle reveal her concern and commitment to addressing the issue. She seeks answers to ensure proper care and recovery, ready to overcome any obstacles and get back on track.

Ankle or Foot Pain

Foot or ankle pain is often a temporary condition caused by soft tissue injuries like sprains or strains. You may experience discomfort in the ball of your foot (metatarsalgia) or your heel. Heel problems usually arise from overusing calf muscles, wearing high-heeled shoes, or engaging in activities like running that repeatedly impact the heels. Physiotherapists after assessment may recommend custom orthotics or some ice cold therapy to relieve ankle and foot pain.

Pre-Surgical Rehabilitation

Feeling anxious about an upcoming surgery is perfectly normal, as concerns may range from the procedure’s success to recovery. A physiotherapist may be recommended to help manage pain and restore physical abilities. Engaging in exercise therapies before the surgery can significantly enhance post-operative results and expedite the recovery process. Pre-surgical rehabilitation not only results in speedy recovery but also promotes strong mental health and support.

Senior male patient, with a determined spirit, receives attentive pre-surgical rehabilitation from a caring nurse and skilled physiotherapist. The patient, facing mobility challenges, relies on a walking aid to support his movements. The nurse and physiotherapist work collaboratively, providing personalized care and guidance to help the patient prepare for an upcoming surgery. With patience and expertise, they assist the patient in performing therapeutic exercises and mobility tasks, aiming to improve his strength, balance, and overall physical condition. The patient's dedication is evident as he navigates his way with the walking aid, while the nurse and physiotherapist offer steady support and encouragement. Together, they form a team focused on optimizing the patient's functional abilities, enhancing his surgical outcomes, and ultimately helping him regain independence and quality of life. This pre-surgical rehabilitation journey is a crucial step towards a successful recovery and a brighter future for the patient.
Experienced physiotherapist delicately applies Kinseo Taping to the knee of a determined female patient as part of her comprehensive post-operative rehabilitation program following knee surgery. The patient's knee, carefully positioned and supported, receives the expert attention required to optimize her healing and recovery process. The Kinseo Tape, meticulously placed along the contours of the knee, provides targeted support and stability, promoting proper alignment and reducing strain during movement. The physiotherapist's skilled hands navigate the application process, ensuring the tape adheres securely and comfortably to the patient's skin. This therapeutic intervention is an essential component of her rehabilitation journey, aimed at enhancing joint function, reducing pain and swelling, and facilitating a smooth return to her active lifestyle. Together, the patient and physiotherapist work as a team, dedicated to achieving optimal post-operative outcomes and empowering the patient to regain strength, mobility, and confidence.

Post-surgery Rehabilitation

Post-surgery rehabilitation physiotherapy is a distinct form of treatment intended for patients who have undergone orthopedic surgeries. Surgeons typically recommend physiotherapy to enhance surgical outcomes. The post-operative physiotherapy process is divided into three phases, commencing shortly after discharge and continuing until all bodily functions are restored to a regular level. Either your hospital can directly refer to a physiotherapist which may be included within OHIP or your physician may recommend physiotherapy post-surgery.

Sports Injuries

While exercising is beneficial, it can result in injuries when playing sports or engaging in physical activity. Accidents, inadequate training methods, and unsuitable equipment can be contributing factors. Individuals who are not physically fit are at risk of getting hurt. Failing to warm up or stretch adequately can also lead to injuries. The most prevalent sports injuries include sprains and strains, tennis elbow, knee injuries, swollen muscles, Achilles tendon injuries, shinbone pain, rotator cuff injuries, fractures, and dislocations.

Serious and determined female athlete, wearing racing gear, gently touches and inspects her injured ankle during an intense race session on a vibrant racing track. With a focused expression on her face, she carefully examines the affected area, evaluating the extent of the injury. Her hand rests on her ankle, showing concern and determination to overcome this setback. The dynamic energy of the race surrounds her, with other athletes in motion and the track stretching out in the background. Despite the temporary pause to assess her injury, her competitive spirit remains evident, as she prepares to conquer the challenges ahead and continue pursuing her passion for racing.
A female individual experiencing jaw pain related to TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) dysfunction, gently holds her jaw with one hand for relief. TMJ pain can be caused by various factors, including jaw misalignment, teeth grinding, or stress. It can lead to discomfort, difficulty in chewing or speaking, and headaches. Seeking professional care from a qualified healthcare provider, such as a physiotherapist, can help in diagnosing and treating TMJ issues. Through targeted therapies, exercises, and techniques, the physiotherapist aims to alleviate jaw pain, improve jaw function, and restore overall well-being. The image portrays the individual's desire to find relief from TMJ discomfort and regain comfort in daily activities.


The TMJ, or temporomandibular joint, is a pair of joints that connect the skull to the lower jaw bone. Located in front of each ear, these joints are responsible for sliding and rotating motions, and are made up of the mandible (the lower jaw) and the temporal bone (the side and base of the skull). People with TMJ disorders may experience clicking sounds or a grating sensation when they open their mouth or chew. Our physiotherapists can perform a detailed assessment and provide you with the most efficient treatment.

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