Elbow, Wrist, and Hand Pain Physiotherapy

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Elbow pain, wrist pain, and hand pain can be debilitating and can significantly impact daily activities. Whether you are an athlete or someone who spends long hours at a desk, these types of pain can affect your ability to work, perform household tasks, and enjoy recreational activities.

The causes of elbow, wrist, and hand pain can range from overuse injuries, such as tennis elbow or carpal tunnel syndrome, to traumatic injuries like fractures or dislocations. Some occupations or lifestyle may also contribute to elbow, wrist or hand pain. 

Symptoms of elbow pain, wrist and hand pain may include pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited range of motion which will be discussed further in detail in this page. Fortunately, there are effective physiotherapy and rehabilitation options available to alleviate pain and restore optimal function to these areas. By addressing the underlying cause of the pain and implementing a personalized treatment plan, physiotherapy can help you regain your strength, mobility, and confidence. 

Oshawa Physiotherapy

Causes of Elbow, Wrist, and Hand Pain:

Elbow, hand, and wrist pain can be caused by a variety of factors. Overuse injuries are common causes of pain in these areas, such as tennis elbow or carpal tunnel syndrome. Traumatic injuries like fractures, sprains, or dislocations can also lead to pain and discomfort. Arthritis, which is inflammation of the joints, can cause chronic pain in the elbow, hand, and wrist. Nerve compression or entrapment, such as cubital tunnel syndrome or radial tunnel syndrome, can cause pain, numbness, and tingling sensations.

Additionally, poor posture, repetitive motions, and certain medical conditions like diabetes or thyroid disease can contribute to pain in these areas. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause of your pain and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Repetitive motions, such as typing or playing sports, can lead to conditions like tennis elbow, carpal tunnel syndrome, and tendinitis.

Falls, accidents, or direct impact can result in fractures, dislocations, or sprains.


Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other forms of joint inflammation can affect the elbow, wrist, and hand.

Conditions like cubital tunnel syndrome and ulnar nerve entrapment can cause pain and numbness.

Sudden or excessive force can strain or sprain the ligaments, muscles, or tendons in these areas.

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Common Symptoms:

Elbow, wrist, and hand pain can manifest in a variety of ways, and the symptoms may vary depending on the underlying cause of the pain. Common symptoms of elbow pain include tenderness, swelling, stiffness, and limited range of motion. You may also experience a burning or tingling sensation in your forearm or hand. Wrist pain can cause similar symptoms, including swelling, stiffness, and limited range of motion.

You may also experience a popping or clicking sensation when moving your wrist. Hand pain can cause numbness, tingling, or weakness in your fingers, making it difficult to grip objects or perform fine motor tasks. Additionally, you may experience swelling or a loss of sensation in your hand. If you are experiencing any of these from below, contact ProHealth Oshawa Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation.

  • Pain, ranging from dull aches to sharp, shooting sensations
  • Swelling, stiffness, or inflammation
  • Limited range of motion or difficulty gripping objects
  • Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the affected areas
  • Instability or clicking sensations

How our physiotherapists would assess and diagnose:

Our physiotherapists utilize a variety of assessment techniques to evaluate elbow, wrist, and hand pain. These assessments help them understand the underlying causes, identify specific impairments, and develop an appropriate treatment plan. Here are some common methods used by physiotherapists to assess these conditions:

Physiotherapists begin by gathering information about your medical history, including any previous injuries, surgeries, or relevant medical conditions that may contribute to your symptoms.

A thorough physical examination is conducted to assess the affected area, including the elbow, wrist, and hand. This may involve assessing range of motion, muscle strength, joint stability, and performing specific tests to identify potential issues.

Physiotherapists may use palpation techniques, applying gentle pressure with their hands, to identify areas of tenderness, swelling, or inflammation around the affected joints or soft tissues.

Evaluating your ability to perform functional activities, such as gripping, grasping, and manipulating objects, provides insights into the impact of the pain on your daily activities.

In some cases, diagnostic imaging such as X-rays, ultrasounds, or MRI scans may be recommended to further evaluate the structures within the elbow, wrist, or hand and rule out any underlying structural damage.

Physiotherapists may use specific tests designed to assess conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, tennis elbow, or other related disorders.

By combining information from these assessments, our physiotherapists in Oshawa can develop a comprehensive understanding of your condition and tailor an individualized treatment plan to address your specific needs. Treatment may include manual therapy techniques, exercises to improve strength and flexibility, ergonomic modifications, pain management strategies, and patient education on self-management techniques. Our physiotherapists also take imperative steps to ensure that comprehensive physiotherapy, massage therapy, shockwave therapy, laser therapy, etc. are put to use for faster and better recovery.

How ProHealth Physiotherapy Oshawa Can Help

  1. Assessment and Diagnosis: A thorough evaluation by a physiotherapist to identify the specific cause and extent of your pain.
  2. Pain Management: Techniques such as ice or heat therapy, ultrasound, or electrical stimulation to reduce pain and inflammation.
  3. Manual Therapy: Hands-on techniques to mobilize joints, stretch tight muscles, and improve tissue flexibility.
  4. Exercise Programs: Customized exercises to strengthen the muscles around the elbow, wrist, and hand, improving stability and function.
  5. Ergonomic Modifications: Advice on proper posture, workplace setup, and equipment usage to prevent further strain and promote healing.
  6. Modalities: Additional treatments like shockwave therapy, laser therapy, Kinseo taping, or acupuncture may be used to enhance healing and relieve pain.
  7. Education and Self-care: Guidance on home exercises, ergonomic practices, and self-management strategies to optimize recovery and prevent future injuries.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow, also known as lateral epicondylitis, is a common condition characterized by pain and tenderness on the outer part of the elbow. It is often caused by repetitive motions of the wrist and arm, such as those involved in playing tennis or other racquet sports. The condition can also develop from activities like typing, gardening, or lifting heavy objects. This can lead to small tears in the tendons that attach to the outer part of the elbow, resulting in pain, tenderness, and weakness in the affected arm.

Symptoms include pain on the outer side of the elbow, difficulty gripping or lifting objects, and pain worsened by activities involving wrist movement.

Treatment involves rest, ice, and physiotherapy to strengthen and stretch the forearm muscles and improve biomechanics. Braces or splints may also be recommended. Our physiotherapists have treated many patients with tennis elbow and can help you too! Contact us today.

Naturopath Oshawa

ProHealth Oshawa Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation:

Elbow, wrist, and hand pain can significantly impact your quality of daily life and routine, but effective physiotherapy and rehabilitation can provide relief and restore function. If you’re experiencing any discomfort or limitations in these areas, contact our physiotherapy team today!

At our clinic, our qualified physiotherapists can provide a comprehensive assessment and personalized treatment plan to address your discomfort and limitations. With the help of our trained and experienced team, you can regain control and live a pain-free life. Don’t let pain hold you back, contact us today to schedule a consultation.

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